Alexander D. Grinberg (1885-1979) – Photographe pictorialiste russe

1- Biographie (source: russianphotographs)

Alexander D. Grinberg (1885-1979) is one of the most respected Russian photographers of the twentieth century. Born at the end of the nineteenth century, and having lived ninety-four years, he experienced the Russian revolutionary, the Civil War, two world wars, stalinist repression along with numerous fluctuations in soviet political and cultural history. Even as a child Grinberg demonstrated a strong attraction to photography, taking his first photography at the age of ten.

By the age of twenty-two he was an active member of the Russian photographic society, where he became a leading creative force. In 1908 he was awarded the silver medal in the all-Russian photo exhibition in Moscow and the gold medal in the international photo-exhibition in dresden, which signaled the recognition of his talents on an international level.

In 1914 Grinberg was invited to work at the Khanzhankov film studio in Moscow. Becoming the head of the film advertising sections, he quickly established process for mass distribution and here he began his cinematographic career. He went on to work behind the camera for numerous studios. In the 1920’a his cinematographic experience led him to become an instructor at the state technical institute of cinematography where he began his association with Sergey Eisenstein who he photographed. His prestige was on the rise throughout the 1920s until 1929 when, under the storm of the cultural revolution the « old school » of Soviet photography came under fire as « depraved », and Grinberg fell out of favor.

The new cultural policy dictated that any eroticism in artistic forms was a remnant of bourgeois idleness, and inappropriate for soviet society. Nevertheless, Grinberg risked one more exhibition of his work in 1935 with images of partially dressed women, raising a storm of criticism, as well as prompting a few brave photographers to come to the defense of this artistic master. Consequently, for his unorthodox vision of photography he was arrested and sentenced to a labor camp for distribution of pornography. By 1939 he was released on early parole, for good behavior and industriousness, although by the time of his release he had permanently lost his sense of smell. He resumed to work as a photographer for a variety of institutions such as museums and taught photography.

His early work was not destroyed as would have normally happened because his older brother managed to hide the negatives for many years. During the second world war he worked to preserve and restore rare photo archives. After the war he worked in the house of models, photographing for fashion designers. In the 1950s he photographed various Soviet film starts and scientists.

His whole life was thus devoted to photography, which he never abandoned in the most difficult of circumstances.

2- La photographie russe et le communisme

Voir l’article ici: http://www.actuphoto.com/16573-la-photographie-russe-et-le-communisme.html

Alexander Grinberg Nu (1885-1979)

Alexander Grinberg (1885-1979). Nu
Via inneroptics

Alexander Grinberg. Maryia Peschanaya. Etude acrobatique. Via mutualart

Alexander Grinberg. Maryia Peschanaya. Etude acrobatique. Via mutualart

Alexander Grinberg. The dancer  Sylvia Chen. Via mutualart

Alexander Grinberg. The dancer Sylvia Chen. Via mutualart

Alexander Grinberg. Mariya Peschanaya 1926. Via randomindex

Alexander Grinberg. Mariya Peschanaya 1926. Via randomindex

Alexander Grinberg . Study of movement 1926 . Via billyjane

Alexander Grinberg . Study of movement 1926
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1910-1915. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1910-1915
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Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1910-1915. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1910-1915
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Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Study of movement 1928. Via russianpictorialism

Alexander Grinberg. Study of movement 1928
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Alexander Grinberg. Sitting girl 1928. Via russianpictorialism

Alexander Grinberg. Sitting girl 1928
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Alexander Grinberg. Study of movement 1925. Via russianpictorialism

Alexander Grinberg. Study of movement 1925
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Alexander Grinberg. Study of Movement 1926-1928. Via russianpictorialism

Alexander Grinberg. Study of Movement 1926-1928
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Alexandre Grinberg. L'art du mouvement 1928. Via RMN

Alexandre Grinberg. L’art du mouvement 1928
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Alexander Grinberg. Danseuse 1926. Via mutualart

Alexander Grinberg. Danseuse 1926
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Alexander Grinberg 1926. Via koroleni

Alexander Grinberg 1926
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Alexander Grinberg 1930. Via koroleni

Alexander Grinberg 1930
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Alexander Grinberg 1926. Via korelani

Alexander Grinberg 1926
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Alexander Grinberg 1925. Via koroleni

Alexander Grinberg 1925
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Alexander Grinberg. The Model 1920. Via photography-now

Alexander Grinberg. The Model 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Portrait de femme vers  1913-1914. Via RMN

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait de femme vers 1913-1914
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930 Via russianphotographs.jpg2

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920.
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg3. The art of symbolism 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The art of symbolism 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg13. The Art of Movement 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg12. The Art of Movement 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg12. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg11. The Art of Movement 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg8. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg7. The Art of Movement 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg10. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg9. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg7. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg6. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg3. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The antique theatre in Russian estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920 Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920 Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Theatre of Meyerhold 1920
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Alexander Grinberg2. The Art of Movement 1920. Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920Via russianphotographs

Alexander Grinberg. The Art of Movement 1920
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Alexander Grinberg3. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg1. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920
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Alexander Grinberg9. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg8. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg7. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg6. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg5. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg4. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg3. Nu 1915-1930. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1915-1930
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Alexander Grinberg1. Nu 1910-1915. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Nu 1910-1915
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Alexander Grinberg6. Portrait 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920
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Alexander Grinberg5. Portrait 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920
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Alexander Grinberg4. Portrait 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920
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Alexander Grinberg2. Portrait 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920
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Alexander Grinberg1. Portrait 1920. Via russianphotographs.net

Alexander Grinberg. Portrait 1920
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Alexander Grinberg2

Alexander Grinberg. The Antique Theatre in Russian Estate 1920
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PIERRE BOUCHER (1908-2000)

Il étudie à l’École des Arts Appliqués avant de collaborer dans les années 1930 à la revue Arts et Métiers Graphiques. Sa proximité avec les studios publicitaires et sa connaissance des techniques graphiques modernes seront déterminantes dans sa démarche artistique. En 1934, il crée avec René Zuber l’agence Alliance-Photo. Au sein de cette agence, il impose le premier code déontologique du photographe et le respect de la signature des photographes lors de la publication dans les médias. De ses fréquents voyages en Espagne, Égypte, Maroc, Monaco, Russie, Pérou, Bolivie, Brésil ou encore les États-Unis, il rapportera une importante collection de photographies dont certaines donneront lieu à des expositions.

Mais il marquera surtout son temps pour avoir largement contribué à faire entrer la photographie dans la modernité, comme matériau artistique à part entière, en utilisant les techniques mécaniques d’imagerie à des fins détournées. Avec Pierre Boucher, le photographe sort de la chambre noire pour s’initier à d’autres métiers. Acteur du courant photographique de la Nouvelle Vision ou Nouvelle Objectivité, Pierre Boucher explore divers aspects de la photographie avant-gardiste. On lui doit des nus surréalistes inspirés par Man Ray, des photogrammes, des photocollages, des solarisations et des surimpressions. Pour cet infatigable novateur de l’après cliché, toutes les techniques sont bonnes à explorer.

Sa démarche artistique se décline aussi sur des travaux de commande comme des affiches publicitaires, des illustrations documentaires, des reportages industriels ou des illustrations pour l’édition, comme la célèbre Méthode française de ski de Émile Allais. Il avait pour le sport une attirance toute spéciale pour laquelle il s’exprime en ces termes : « Aujourd’hui je chasse aux images. Il faut se satisfaire d’un rapide coup d’œil, saisir les mouvements en plein vol, capter la vie dans ce qu’elle offre de plus mouvant, de plus insaisissable. » (via http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Boucher_%28photographe%29)

Pierre Boucher. Nu au violon, photomontage. 1938 Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Nu au violon, photomontage. 1938
Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Nu Via seimspeis

Pierre Boucher. Nu
Via seimspeis

Pierre Boucher 1908 Via invaluable

Pierre Boucher 1908
Via invaluable

Pierre Boucher. Solarized arm and hand 1933

Pierre Boucher. Solarized arm and hand 1933

Pierre Boucher. Résille de lumière 1935 Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Résille de lumière 1935 Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Superposition, nu et plume 1932 Via mutualart

Pierre Boucher. Superposition, nu et plume 1932
Via mutualart

Pierre Boucher. Nu à la tête sculptée d'empereur, 1936 Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Nu à la tête sculptée d’empereur 1936
Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Nus féminins, Surimpression 1935 Via drouot

Pierre Boucher. Nus féminins, Surimpression 1935
Via drouot

ImagePierre Boucher. Etude pour L’Esprit et la Matière 1939-1941

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Pierre Boucher, Nude, Ruins of Volubilis, Morocco, 1936

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Pierre Boucher. Nu couché 1935

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Pierre Boucher, Untitled, 1937

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Pierre Boucher, Violin nude, date unknown

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Pierre Boucher, Nude phantasmagoria XI, c. 1937

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Pierre Boucher, Nude phantasmagoria XIV, 1937

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Pierre Boucher, The revolt, 1945

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Pierre Boucher, The fall of bodies, 1936

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Pierre Boucher, Female Nude, 1935

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Pierre Boucher (French, 1908-2000). Etude. Original vintage color photogravure

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Pierre Boucher. La chute d’un corps, Photocollage, 1936

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Pierre Boucher. Double nu féminin, Négatif-Positif 1935

pierre-boucher-etude-de-nu-rayogramme-photogramme-et-solarisation-via-verdeau

Pierre Boucher. Etude de nu. Rayogramme. Photogramme et solarisation. Via verdeau

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Pierre Boucher. Femme-fleur, inversion négatif-positif, solarisation et photogramme, 1937

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Pierre Boucher. Skier- solarisation 1948 photogravure

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Pierre Boucher. Electra 1964

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Pierre Boucher 1942

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Pierre Boucher. Nu au chandelier, Surimpression, 1948

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Pierre Boucher. Nu à la plume, 1932

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Pierre Boucher. Nu à la flamme, solarisation 1937

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Pierre Boucher, Nude in Telouet, Morocco, 1936

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Pierre Boucher. Surimpression, 1934

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Pierre Boucher. Nu aux blés, 1936

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Pierre Boucher. Vernis à parquet (publicité pour un vernis à parquet)

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Pierre Boucher1. Etude pour L’Esprit et la Matière 1939-1941

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Pierre Boucher. Bras sur le Guadalquivir 1934

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Pierre Boucher. Nu de dos sur la plage 1933

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Pierre Boucher. Etude pour l’esprit et la matière 1939-1941

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Pierre Boucher, Nude at the studio, 1938

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Pierre Boucher. Nageuse 1945

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Pierre Boucher. Serge Lifar dans « La Chute d’Icare »1938

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Pierre Boucher. Nu à la cape

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Pierre Boucher. Etude de nu n°19. Tiré du porte-folio Arts et Métiers

Serge Lifar in the ballet ‘Icare’, 1935 -by Pierre Boucher

Serge Lifar in the ballet ‘Icare’, 1935 -by Pierre Boucher

Pierre Boucher. Nu à la chevelure

Pierre Boucher. Nu à la chevelure

 

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